Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Spatial Distribution of COVID-19 in Honduras at the Early Phase of the Pandemic Using Geographic Information Systems (GIS)

Version 1 : Received: 11 June 2020 / Approved: 12 June 2020 / Online: 12 June 2020 (12:36:52 CEST)

How to cite: Zambrano, L.I.; Sierra-Santos, M.A.; Mejía-Santos, H.M.; Palou, E.Y.; Muñoz-Lara, F.; Lorenzana, I.; Alvarado, T.; Fuentes-Barahona, I.C.; da Veiga, G.L.; Rodriguez-Nuñez, I.; Valladares-Rosa, V.M.; Corrales-Alvarez, A.G.; Arteaga-Livias, K.; Bonilla-Aldana, D.K.; Rodriguez-Morales, A.J. Spatial Distribution of COVID-19 in Honduras at the Early Phase of the Pandemic Using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) . Preprints 2020, 2020060153 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202006.0153.v1). Zambrano, L.I.; Sierra-Santos, M.A.; Mejía-Santos, H.M.; Palou, E.Y.; Muñoz-Lara, F.; Lorenzana, I.; Alvarado, T.; Fuentes-Barahona, I.C.; da Veiga, G.L.; Rodriguez-Nuñez, I.; Valladares-Rosa, V.M.; Corrales-Alvarez, A.G.; Arteaga-Livias, K.; Bonilla-Aldana, D.K.; Rodriguez-Morales, A.J. Spatial Distribution of COVID-19 in Honduras at the Early Phase of the Pandemic Using Geographic Information Systems (GIS) . Preprints 2020, 2020060153 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202006.0153.v1).

Abstract

The epidemic of Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) have affected all the regions of the world, nevertheless, in some countries there is a lack of studies on its main clinical and epidemiological features. We analyzed the incidence, incidence rates, and evolution of COVID-19 cases in Honduras from February 18-April 24, 2020.Methods: Using daily epidemiological data from surveillance about COVID-19 in Honduras, we calculated the rates of incidence (cases/100,000 population), and developed at national, departmental, and municipal levels GIS-based maps.Results: February 18 - April 24, 2020, a sum of 3,169 suspected COVID-19 cases have been assessed by RT-PCR, 533 (16.8%) of them were positive, for an incidence rate of 5.73 cases/100,000 pop. The highest peak was reached on March 31 (48 cases). The department with the highest number of cases and incidence rate was Cortes (383 cases, 71.9% of the total, 21.45 cases/100,000 pop). Discussion: The pattern and evolution of COVID-19 epidemic in Honduras has been particularly focused in the major urban areas, San Pedro Sula and Tegucigalpa, the capital city. Studies using geographical information systems linked with clinical disease characteristics are necessary to attain accurate epidemiological data for public health systems. Such information is also useful for assessment of the evolution of the pandemic and monitoring interventions.

Subject Areas

SARS-CoV-2; COVID-19; geographical information systems (GIS); coronavirus; epidemiology of infectious diseases; public health.

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