Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Aerodynamic Study of an Ahmed Body with the Help of CFD Simulation

Version 1 : Received: 11 June 2020 / Approved: 12 June 2020 / Online: 12 June 2020 (12:20:55 CEST)

How to cite: Saha, I.; Mukherjee, T.; Saha, A.; Pandey, R. Aerodynamic Study of an Ahmed Body with the Help of CFD Simulation. Preprints 2020, 2020060149 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202006.0149.v1). Saha, I.; Mukherjee, T.; Saha, A.; Pandey, R. Aerodynamic Study of an Ahmed Body with the Help of CFD Simulation. Preprints 2020, 2020060149 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202006.0149.v1).

Abstract

Automotive aerodynamics comprises of the study of aerodynamics of road vehicles. Its main goals are reducing drag, minimizing noise emission, improving fuel economy, preventing undesired lift forces and minimizing other causes of aerodynamic instability at high speeds. The Ahmed body has the form of a highly simplified car, consisting of a blunt nose with rounded edges fixed onto a box-like middle section and a rear end that has an upper slanted surface, the angle of which can be varied. It retains vital features of real vehicles in order to study the flow fields around it and the related turbulence models which characterizes the actual flow at elevated Reynolds number. In the present study, the aerodynamic behavior of this body is investigated numerically by the aid of commercial CFD tool: Ansys Fluent. The results of the simulation are validated with available experimental data and results of the simulations from other literatures. The numerical data were obtained for a fixed free stream velocity of 25 m/s at the inlet. The simulations were performed at a fixed slant angle of 25 degree and zero yaw angle. The present study focuses on how local refinement of mesh inside the concerned body and the outside, helps affect the results and for which grid dependency test is the primary objective of this paper. The present study also helps demonstrate how the drag of the body behaves, which is mainly the effect of pressure drag force generated at the rear portion of the body. The study also focuses on important properties like the velocity magnitude at different locations for different meshing cases, and to capture the flow pattern in the front or near the wake region. The study can be further helpful to future researchers in determining resistance, fuel efficiency etc. helping designers to optimize in specialized areas for better efficiency.

Subject Areas

Ahmed Body; vehicle aerodynamics; drag force measurement; Simulation/Numerical investigation

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