Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Oral Tumour Cell Migration and the Effect of the Local Soluble Factors from the Microenvironment on Signalling Pathways. Is It All about the Akt?

Version 1 : Received: 25 May 2020 / Approved: 27 May 2020 / Online: 27 May 2020 (08:25:20 CEST)

How to cite: Ahmed, H.; Ghoshal, A.; Jones, S.; Ellis, I.; Islam, M. Oral Tumour Cell Migration and the Effect of the Local Soluble Factors from the Microenvironment on Signalling Pathways. Is It All about the Akt? . Preprints 2020, 2020050445 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202005.0445.v1). Ahmed, H.; Ghoshal, A.; Jones, S.; Ellis, I.; Islam, M. Oral Tumour Cell Migration and the Effect of the Local Soluble Factors from the Microenvironment on Signalling Pathways. Is It All about the Akt? . Preprints 2020, 2020050445 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202005.0445.v1).

Abstract

Oral cancer cells (TYS) and the signalling pathways involved in metastasis, in response to cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs, COM) and normal oral mucosal fibroblasts (MM1) was studied. Metastatic cell behaviour was observed by cell-scatter, 3D-collagen gel migration and 3D-spheroid invasion assays. Akt, MAPK, EGFR, TGFβRii and CXCR4 inhibitors were used to identify the signalling pathways involved. Signalling pathway protein expression and activation were assessed by SDS-PAGE and Western Blotting. COM-CM (conditioned medium) and MM1-CM stimulated cancer cell scattering, which was blocked only by the Akt inhibitor. COM-CM induced scattered cancer cells showed higher levels of Akt phosphorylation than the negative control and MM1-CM. Migration and invasion of TYS cells into the collagen gels from the spheroids was stimulated by CM from both sources, compared to the negative control. COM cells stimulated TYS, cancer cell invasion into the collagen more than MM1 and the control. Akt and EGFR inhibitors effectively blocked CM and COM cell-induced invasion. Akt-silenced cancer cells were not stimulated to migrate and invade by fibroblast-CM and did not survive addition of the EGFR inhibitor. This suggests that CAFs stimulate oral cancer cell migration and invasion in an Akt- dependent manner. EGFR and Akt are potential therapy targets in metastatic oral cancer.

Subject Areas

oral cancer; cancer-associated fibroblasts; metastasis; cell migration; cell invasion; Akt; EGFR

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