Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Flow Pattern and Pressure Drop for Oil-Water Flows in and around 180° Bends

Version 1 : Received: 15 May 2020 / Approved: 16 May 2020 / Online: 16 May 2020 (19:00:59 CEST)

How to cite: Ayegba, P.O.; Edomwonyi-Otu, L.C.; Abubakar, A.; Yusuf, N. Flow Pattern and Pressure Drop for Oil-Water Flows in and around 180° Bends. Preprints 2020, 2020050278 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202005.0278.v1). Ayegba, P.O.; Edomwonyi-Otu, L.C.; Abubakar, A.; Yusuf, N. Flow Pattern and Pressure Drop for Oil-Water Flows in and around 180° Bends. Preprints 2020, 2020050278 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202005.0278.v1).

Abstract

Pressure drop and flow pattern of oil-water flows were investigated in a 19 mm ID clear polyvinyl chloride pipe consisting of U-bend with radius of curvature of 100 mm. The range for oil and water superficial velocities tested were and respectively. Measurements were carried out under different flow conditions in a test section that consisted of four different parts: upstream of the bend, at the bend and at two redeveloping flow locations after the bend. The result indicated that the bend had limited influence on downstream flow patterns. However, the shear forces imposed by the bend caused some shift flow pattern transition and bubble characteristics in the redeveloping flow section after the bend relative to develop flow before the bend. Generally, pressure gradient at all the test sections increased with both oil fraction and water superficial velocity and there was a sharp change of pressure gradient profile during phase inversion. The transition point where phase inversion occurred was always within the range of . Pressure losses differed at the various test sections and the difference was strongly linked to the superficial velocity of the phases and the flow pattern. At high mixture velocity, pressure losses at the redeveloping section after the bend were higher than that at the bend and that for fully developed flows. At low mixture velocity, pressure losses at the bend are higher than in the straight sections. Pressure drop generally decreased with level of flow development downstream of the bend.

Subject Areas

U-bend; oil-water flow; flow pattern; pressure losses; flow redevelopment

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