Orji, M.; Onyire, N.; Unigwe, U.; Ajayi, N.; Nwidi, D.; Odey, E.; Agboeze, J.; Ojide, C.; Ujunwa, F.; Onwe, E.; Onoh, R.; Madume, P. Prevalence, Pattern and Outcome of Pediatric Lassa Fever Disease (LFD) in a Tertiary Hospital, Southeast Nigeria. Preprints2020, 2020050269. https://doi.org/10.20944/preprints202005.0269.v1
Orji, M., Onyire, N., Unigwe, U., Ajayi, N., Nwidi, D., Odey, E., Agboeze, J., Ojide, C., Ujunwa, F., Onwe, E., Onoh, R., & Madume, P. (2020). Prevalence, Pattern and Outcome of Pediatric Lassa Fever Disease (LFD) in a Tertiary Hospital, Southeast Nigeria. Preprints. https://doi.org/10.20944/preprints202005.0269.v1
Orji, M., Robinson Onoh and Precious Madume. 2020 "Prevalence, Pattern and Outcome of Pediatric Lassa Fever Disease (LFD) in a Tertiary Hospital, Southeast Nigeria" Preprints. https://doi.org/10.20944/preprints202005.0269.v1
The prevalence and case fatality rates of Pediatric Lassa fever disease (LFD) are not well documented. This study was aimed at determining the prevalence, pattern and outcome of Pediatric LFD. It was a prospective observational study. A total of 183 subjects that met the criteria for LFD suspects were recruited consecutively and subjected to Lassa virus PCR test. Structured questionnaire was used to collect information. Of the 183 children recruited, 24 tested positive to Lassa virus PCR, giving a positivity rate of 13.1%. Mean duration of illness at presentation was 8.54 ± 3.83 days. Fever, abdominal pain and vomiting were the three highest presenting complaints. Seven out of 24 children died giving a case fatality rate (CFR) of 29.2%. Subjects with bleeding, poor urine output, convulsions and unconsciousness were more likely to die of LFD. Positivity and CFR of LFD are high. Improved case finding and prompt treatment is advocated.
case fatality; Lassa virus; pattern; positivity rate; outcome; ribavirin
Medicine and Pharmacology, Tropical Medicine
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