Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Increased Nitro-Oxidative Stress Toxicity as a Major Determinant of Increased Blood Pressure in Mood Disorders

Version 1 : Received: 15 May 2020 / Approved: 15 May 2020 / Online: 15 May 2020 (16:52:52 CEST)

How to cite: Bonifacio, K.L.; Barbosa, D.S.; Moreira, E.G.; Coneglian, C.F.; Vargas, H.O.; Nunes, S.O.V.; Moraes, J.B.; Maes, M. Increased Nitro-Oxidative Stress Toxicity as a Major Determinant of Increased Blood Pressure in Mood Disorders. Preprints 2020, 2020050258 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202005.0258.v1). Bonifacio, K.L.; Barbosa, D.S.; Moreira, E.G.; Coneglian, C.F.; Vargas, H.O.; Nunes, S.O.V.; Moraes, J.B.; Maes, M. Increased Nitro-Oxidative Stress Toxicity as a Major Determinant of Increased Blood Pressure in Mood Disorders. Preprints 2020, 2020050258 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202005.0258.v1).

Abstract

Background: Hypertension, atherogenicity and insulin resistance are major risk factors of cardiovascular disorder (CVD), which shows a strong comorbidity with major depression (MDD) and bipolar disorder (BD). Activated oxidative and nitrosative stress (O&NS), inflammatory pathways, and increased atherogenicity are shared pathways underpinning CVD and mood disorders. Methods: The current study examined the effects of lipid hydroperoxides (LOOH), superoxide dismutase (SOD), nitric oxide metabolites (NOx), advanced oxidation protein products (AOPP), and malondialdehyde (MDA) on systolic (SBP) and diastolic (DBP) blood pressure in 96 mood disordered patients and 60 healthy controls. Results: A large part of the variance in SBP (31.6%) was explained by the regression on a z unit-weighted composite score (based on LOOH, AOPP, SOD, NOx) reflecting nitro-oxidative stress toxicity (NOSTOX), coupled with highly sensitive C-reactive protein, body weight and use of antihypertensives. Increased DBP was best predicted (23.8%) by body mass index and NOSTOX. The most important O&NS biomarkers predicting an increased SBP were in descending order of significance: LOOH, AOPP and SOD. Higher levels of the atherogenic index of plasma, HOMA2 insulin resistance index and basal thyroid-stimulating hormone also contributed to increased SBP independently from NOSTOX. Although there were no significant changes in SBP/DBP in mood disorders, the associations between NOSTOX and blood pressure were significant in patients with mood disorders but not in healthy controls. Conclusions: Activated O&NS pathways including increased lipid peroxidation and protein oxidation, which indicates hypochlorous stress, are the most important predictors of an increased BP, especially in patients with mood disorders.

Subject Areas

major depression; oxidative and nitrosative stress; antioxidants; inflammation; neuro-immune; biomarkers

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