Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

The Function of Mitochondrial Calcium Uniporter at the Whole-Cell and Single Mitochondrion Levels in WT, MICU1 KO, and MICU2 KO Cells

Version 1 : Received: 14 May 2020 / Approved: 15 May 2020 / Online: 15 May 2020 (15:33:12 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Shah, S.I.; Ullah, G. The Function of Mitochondrial Calcium Uniporter at the Whole-Cell and Single Mitochondrion Levels in WT, MICU1 KO, and MICU2 KO Cells. Cells 2020, 9, 1520. Shah, S.I.; Ullah, G. The Function of Mitochondrial Calcium Uniporter at the Whole-Cell and Single Mitochondrion Levels in WT, MICU1 KO, and MICU2 KO Cells. Cells 2020, 9, 1520.

Journal reference: Cells 2020, 9, 1520
DOI: 10.3390/cells9061520

Abstract

Mitochondrial Ca2+ ([Ca2+]M) uptake through Ca2+ uniporter (MCU) is central to many cell functions such as bioenergetics, spatiotemporal organization of Ca2+ signals, and apoptosis. MCU activity is regulated by several intrinsic proteins including MICU1, MICU2, and EMRE. While significant details about the role of MICU1, MICU2, and EMRE in MCU function have emerged recently, a key challenge for the future experiments is to investigate how these regulatory proteins modulate mitochondrial Ca2+ influx through MCU in intact cells under pathophysiological conditions. This is further complicated by the fact that several variables affecting MCU function change dynamically as cell functions. To overcome this void, we develop a data-driven model that closely replicates the behavior of MCU under a wide range of cytosolic Ca2+ ([Ca2+]C), [Ca2+]M, and mitochondrial membrane potential values in WT, MICU1 knockout (KO), and MICU2 KO cells at the single mitochondrion and whole-cell levels. The model is extended to investigate how MICU1 or MICU2 KO affect mitochondrial function. Moreover, we show how Ca2+ buffering proteins, the separation between mitochondrion and Ca2+-releasing stores, and the duration of Ca2+-releasing channels affect mitochondrial function under different conditions. Finally, we demonstrate an easy extension of the model to single channel function of MCU.

Subject Areas

Mitochondrial Ca2+ uptake; Mitochondrial Ca2+ Uniporter; MICU1; MICU2; EMRE; Ca2+ Overload

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