Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

The Dilemmas Selection of Anti-Crisis Economic Strategy in Forestry and the Wood-Based Sector in the Perspective of a Long-Term Pandemic Threat – the Case of Poland

Version 1 : Received: 13 May 2020 / Approved: 14 May 2020 / Online: 14 May 2020 (06:15:23 CEST)

How to cite: Wanat, L.; Czarnecki, R.; Kusiak, W.; Mikołajczak, E.; Sarniak, Ł.; Sikora, J.; Wieruszewski, M. The Dilemmas Selection of Anti-Crisis Economic Strategy in Forestry and the Wood-Based Sector in the Perspective of a Long-Term Pandemic Threat – the Case of Poland. Preprints 2020, 2020050231 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202005.0231.v1). Wanat, L.; Czarnecki, R.; Kusiak, W.; Mikołajczak, E.; Sarniak, Ł.; Sikora, J.; Wieruszewski, M. The Dilemmas Selection of Anti-Crisis Economic Strategy in Forestry and the Wood-Based Sector in the Perspective of a Long-Term Pandemic Threat – the Case of Poland. Preprints 2020, 2020050231 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202005.0231.v1).

Abstract

Forestry and the wood-based sector, including the wood industry, which is an important element of economic systems and a source of budget revenues for many countries in the world, found itself in the first quarter of 2020 in a situation of a serious threat of a prolonged crisis as a consequence of the pandemic. In this perspective, it is necessary to review existing sector strategies and look for new solutions to ensure first survival, then functioning and finally development of entities forming the wood market. In the scientific research, which is the subject of this work, an attempt was made to multi-criteria analysis of the selection of the optimal anti-crisis strategy for actors from forestry and the wood-based sector in the face of a pandemic. Preparatory studies were conducted on the example of Poland, where both forestry and the wood industry belong to the dominant sectors of the economy, conducting them at the turn of March and April 2020. The research was referred to the primary wood raw material market in Poland, which is the main link in the value chain, created first by the dominant owner: Państwowe Gospodarstwo Leśne "Lasy Państwowe" - the “State Forests” National Forest Holding (SFNFH), and then forest service entrepreneurs, to entities representing the wood industry. The work uses a concept modified for the purposes of the author's research scenario, based on the method of multi-criteria hierarchical analysis AHP (Analytic Hierarchy Process). The best possible decision was to be searched that would allow the selection of the optimal anti-crisis strategy for enterprises - actors of the sector concerned. Based on the collected results and their expert discussion, recommendations for sectoral policy for forestry and the wood-based sector were then formulated. The proposed solutions are located against the background of a dispute between the concept of institutional intervention and a model taking into account the effects of market factors. The work is both cognitive (optimization and adaptation of the research method) and practical up-to-date. An accurate development strategy for forestry and the wood-based sector is urgently needed and necessary to implement as quickly as possible.

Subject Areas

forestry; wood-based sector; anti-crisis economic strategy; pandemic crisis; Analytic Hierarchy Process; Poland

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