Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Coronavirus (Covid-19): The Lockdown Strategy in Nigeria

Version 1 : Received: 8 May 2020 / Approved: 11 May 2020 / Online: 11 May 2020 (13:26:56 CEST)

How to cite: Ekienabor, E. Coronavirus (Covid-19): The Lockdown Strategy in Nigeria. Preprints 2020, 2020050201 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202005.0201.v1). Ekienabor, E. Coronavirus (Covid-19): The Lockdown Strategy in Nigeria. Preprints 2020, 2020050201 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202005.0201.v1).

Abstract

The spread of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) has already taken on pandemic proportions, affecting over 150 countries in a matter of months. Even though containment measures in China have reduced new cases by more than 90%, this reduction is not the case elsewhere, as the US, Spain and Italy have come off worse-off by the spread of the virus, and there is serious concern regarding the national health systems' capacity around the world and Africa, in particular, to effectively respond to the needs of infected patients who require intensive care for the COVID-19 illness. As a result, authorities around the world have resorted to the lockdown strategy to curb the spread of the virus. Therefore, the study aimed at investigating the effect of the lockdown strategy in curbing the spread of the COVID-19 virus in Nigeria. Consequently, the study found daily relative risk increase in cases, and daily relative risk increase in mortality. Also observed is the growth in cases in areas where active measures were not taken. Further, halt in business activities has rendered many penniless and unable to provide for themselves basic amenities. The study recommends that there is need to implement community-level measures of social distancing which may include closing schools, need for individuals with COVID-19 case or respiratory symptoms be properly taken care of, trace and quarantine those who must have come in contact with affected persons and introducing stay at home palliatives for the general public.

Subject Areas

coronavirus; COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; lockdown; social distancing

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