Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Facile Fabrication of Breathable and Superhydrophobic Fabric Based on Silica Nanoparticles and Amino‐Modified Polydimethylsiloxane

Version 1 : Received: 6 May 2020 / Approved: 7 May 2020 / Online: 7 May 2020 (12:46:02 CEST)

How to cite: Hasanzadeh, M.; Far, H.S.; Haji, A.; Rosace, G. Facile Fabrication of Breathable and Superhydrophobic Fabric Based on Silica Nanoparticles and Amino‐Modified Polydimethylsiloxane. Preprints 2020, 2020050123 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202005.0123.v1). Hasanzadeh, M.; Far, H.S.; Haji, A.; Rosace, G. Facile Fabrication of Breathable and Superhydrophobic Fabric Based on Silica Nanoparticles and Amino‐Modified Polydimethylsiloxane. Preprints 2020, 2020050123 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202005.0123.v1).

Abstract

This work attempted to fabricate superhydrophobic fabric via simple immersion technique. Textile fabrics were coated with silica nanoparticles prepared from tetraethoxysilane (TEOS) to obtain sufficient roughness with hydrophobic surface chemistry. Then the coated fabrics were treated with polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) and aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) to reduce the surface energy. The effects of PDMS concentration on the surface morphology and superhydrophobicity of as-prepared fabric were investigated. The morphology and the composition of superhydrophobic fabric was characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray (EDS) and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. The results revealed the formation of spherical silica nanoparticles with average particle size of 250 nm throughout the fabric surface. The possible interactions between silica nanoparticles and APTES, as well as the fabrics were elucidated. Investigating the hydrophobicity of fabrics via water contact angle (WCA) measurement showed that the treated fabric exhibits excellent water repellency with a water contact angle as high as 151° and a very low water sliding angle. It also found that the treated fabric maintained most of its hydrophobicity against repeated washing. The comfort properties of the obtained superhydrophobic fabrics in term of air permeability and bending length did not reveal any significant changes.

Subject Areas

Sol-gel; Hybrid coating; Superhydrophobic; textile fabric; polydimethylsiloxane; contact angle

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