Preprint Essay Version 2 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

China Neighborhood and Village Committee confront the COVID-19 Pandemic;Cultural History and Tracking back Review of Relevant Public Health Events in Last Century

Version 1 : Received: 23 April 2020 / Approved: 24 April 2020 / Online: 24 April 2020 (14:11:11 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 24 April 2020 / Approved: 27 April 2020 / Online: 27 April 2020 (03:07:12 CEST)

How to cite: Tan, H.; Jia, Y.; Li, Y.; Hou, W. China Neighborhood and Village Committee confront the COVID-19 Pandemic;Cultural History and Tracking back Review of Relevant Public Health Events in Last Century. Preprints 2020, 2020040447 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202004.0447.v2). Tan, H.; Jia, Y.; Li, Y.; Hou, W. China Neighborhood and Village Committee confront the COVID-19 Pandemic;Cultural History and Tracking back Review of Relevant Public Health Events in Last Century. Preprints 2020, 2020040447 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202004.0447.v2).

Abstract

Managing epidemics need to unite each individual of the nations. Lockdown is an essential strategy to fatal and threatening epidemic. All of the citizens should realize that each of people has a responsibility to support the public health crisis. How to organize individual to fight against the epidemic plaque depends each of them. This essay discussed the COVID-19 pandemic relevant self-governance of community from a historical perspective in China. Self-governance of neighborhood committee and community residential office in urban and rural helped to control the COVID-19 pandemic in the communities in China. Co-operation and collective responsibility of citizens and community support is a critical condition to prevent epidemic. The community self-governance can track back Qin Dynasty in China history. It established baojia system to maintain social control for thousand years. Now, the community-based system, baojia system is becoming more autonomous for local citizenship and socialized governance in China. We reviewed a historical pneumonia plaque in North China in 1911. Chinese doctor, Wu Lien-teh (伍連德) confronted the epidemic crisis with many measures such as lockdown, quarantine, the wearing of mask, setup mobile hospitals, travel restriction, the cremation of victims, and border control. Dr. Wu made effort to establish the modern public health service in China. We think that the combination of culture background of China community with modern public healthcare system determinedly played important role to control the COVID-19 pandemic.

Subject Areas

neighborhood committee; collective responsibility; Baojia system; COVID-19 pandemic; Wu Lien-teh; China

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 27 April 2020
Commenter: Huibing Tan
The commenter has declared there is no conflict of interests.
Comment: ABSTRACT in Chinese for the preprint 中国居委会与村委会对决COVID-19大流行:文化史及上世纪相关公共卫生事件的回顾 谭会兵1,4 *,贾云阁2#,李银花1,3#,侯维1 1锦州医科大学解剖学教研室,辽宁锦州121001 2长治医学院附属和济医院病理科,山西长治046011。 3锦州医科大学康复与运动医学学院,江苏121001 4锦州医科大学辽宁省神经退行性疾病重点实验室,辽宁锦州121001 *通讯作者: 锦州医科大学解剖学教研室,辽宁锦州121001,davidtanhb @ foxmail.com 控制流行病需要国家的每个人团结一起。封城是阻断高度传染病重要策略。所有公民都应意识到,每个人都有责任支持公共卫生危机。如何组织个人抗击流行病取决于每个人行动,本文从历史的角度探讨自我管理的社区在COVID-19大流行中如果发挥作用。城乡居民委员会和社区居民办公室的自觉行动有助于控制中国社区中的COVID-19大流行。公民的合作和集体责任以及社区的支持是预防流行的关键条件。历史上,社区自治可以追溯中国的秦朝。那时建立了保甲制度,一千年来,起到了维持社会治理作用。以社区为基础的制度,保甲制度在中国变得越来越自治。如今,基本实现当地公民当家作主和社会化治理。我们回顾了1911年东北地区的历史性肺炎疫病大流行。中国医生伍连德(Wu Lien-teh)面对流行病危机,采取了许多措施,例如封城,隔离,戴口罩,设置方舱医院,限制旅行,火化疫病尸体和边境管制。伍博士致力于在中国建立了现代公共卫生服务系统。我们认为,中国人社区的文化背景与现代公共医疗体系的结合无疑对控制COVID-19大流行起到了重要作用。
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