Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed
Visiting Bitter Gourd (Momordica charantia) from a Breeding Perspective: A Review
: Received: 18 April 2020 / Approved: 19 April 2020 / Online: 19 April 2020 (06:00:00 CEST)
A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.
Journal reference: Plant Breeding and Biotechnology 2020, 8, 211-225
Bitter gourd is an important vegetable of the family Cucurbitaceae, cultivated mainly in humid and subtropical Asia. Bitter gourd is vegetable with immense health benefits due to the presence of medicinal compounds such as charatin, vicine, and polypeptide-p, which play an essential role in lessening the blood glucose levels. Moreover, bitter gourd fruits are particularly rich in vitamin C, minerals, and carotenes. Here, an effort has been made to critically evaluate the extent of achievements during the enhancement and enactment of bitter gourd breeding programs with the use of latest technologies. Broadening of the genetic base of cultivated bitter groud varieties as a result of enrichment of the existing resources by using the wild species in the breeding programs. Practical seed production technological know-how along with the use of the MS system (male sterility)/chemical-induced sterility procedure is nonetheless vital to cope up with the market demands. Superior yielding bitter gourd hybrids combining early maturity and resistance to biotic and abiotic stresses are regularly needed to cope up with the challenge of bitter gourd production.
bitter gourd; breeding; genetic diversity; genomics; heterosis; molecular breeding; mutation breeding
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