Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Highly Porous Platinum Electrodes for Dry Ear-EEG Measurements

Version 1 : Received: 15 April 2020 / Approved: 16 April 2020 / Online: 16 April 2020 (07:39:35 CEST)

How to cite: Eickenscheidt, M.; Schäfer, P.; Baslan, Y.; Schwarz, C.; Stieglitz, T. Highly Porous Platinum Electrodes for Dry Ear-EEG Measurements. Preprints 2020, 2020040260 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202004.0260.v1). Eickenscheidt, M.; Schäfer, P.; Baslan, Y.; Schwarz, C.; Stieglitz, T. Highly Porous Platinum Electrodes for Dry Ear-EEG Measurements. Preprints 2020, 2020040260 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202004.0260.v1).

Abstract

The interest in dry EEG electrodes has increased in recent years and especially as everyday suitability earplugs for measuring drowsiness or focus of auditory attention. However, the challenge is still the need for a good electrode material, which is reliable and can be easily processed for highly personalized applications. Laser processing as used here is a fast and very precise method to produce personalized electrode configurations that meet the high requirements of in-ear EEG electrodes, for example. The arrangement of the electrodes on the very flexible and compressible mats allows an exact alignment of the electrodes to the ear mold and contributes to a high wearing comfort, as no edges or metal protrusions are present. For better transmission properties, an adapted coating process for surface enlargement of platinum electrodes is used, which allows easy control of the thickness and growth form of the porous layer. The porous platinum-copper alloy is chemically very stable, shows no exposed copper residues and enlarges the effective surface area by 40. In a proof-of-principle experiment, these porous platinum electrodes could be used to measure the Berger effect in a dry state using just one ear of a test person. Their signal-to-noise ration and frequency transfer function is comparable to gel-based silver/silver chloride electrodes.

Subject Areas

Ear-EEG; laser structuring; porous platinum; Berger effect

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