Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Reliability and Validity in Cranial Osteopathy Experience: A Cross-Sectional Study

Version 1 : Received: 9 April 2020 / Approved: 10 April 2020 / Online: 10 April 2020 (03:26:52 CEST)

How to cite: Requena García, J.; García Nieto, E.; Varillas Delgado, D. Reliability and Validity in Cranial Osteopathy Experience: A Cross-Sectional Study. Preprints 2020, 2020040166 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202004.0166.v1). Requena García, J.; García Nieto, E.; Varillas Delgado, D. Reliability and Validity in Cranial Osteopathy Experience: A Cross-Sectional Study. Preprints 2020, 2020040166 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202004.0166.v1).

Abstract

Background and Objectives: The techniques directed to the cranial field in osteopathy are the most questioned due to the lack of scientific evidence. In osteopathic practice, manual palpation is essential and, therefore, measuring reliability is fundamental. The objective of study is to assess the reliability and validity of osteopathic treatment depending on experience. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study of reliability and validity was conducted. For measurements, a strain gauge was placed on the sphenobasilar synchondrosis of the skull base, and three maneuvers (lateral compression, anteroposterior compression and compression maneuver of the mastoids) were repeated 25 times each by osteopaths with different time of experience (5-10 years, 1-5 years, <1 year). Measurement averages were computed for each of the three maneuvers to verify the average effect of each group in comparison to that of the Gold Standard (GS) (>10 years of experience). Data were analyzed to check for inter- and intra-observer reliability using intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC). Results: Reliability and validity in 5-10 experience of observer 1 and observer 2 in the tree maneuvers was excellent (p<0.001) against GS. Poor or enough reproducibility and concordance were observed in osteopaths with less experience. Conclusion: Experience of osteopaths determines the efficacy of cranial maneuvers in osteopathic treatment for patients’ rehabilitation.

Subject Areas

osteopathic manipulation; cranial osteopathy; reproducibility; osteopathic medicine

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