Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Theory of Spinors in Curved Space-Time

Version 1 : Received: 30 March 2020 / Approved: 31 March 2020 / Online: 31 March 2020 (10:03:22 CEST)

How to cite: Gu, Y. Theory of Spinors in Curved Space-Time. Preprints 2020, 2020030453 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202003.0453.v1). Gu, Y. Theory of Spinors in Curved Space-Time. Preprints 2020, 2020030453 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202003.0453.v1).

Abstract

The interaction between spinors and gravity is the most complicated and subtle interaction in the universe, which involves the basic problem to unified quantum theory and general relativity. By means of Clifford Algebra, a unified language and tool to describe the rules of nature, this paper systematically discusses the dynamics and properties of spinor fields in curved space-time, such as the decomposition of the spinor connection, the classical approximation of Dirac equation, the energy momentum tensor of spinors and so on. To split spinor connection into Keller connection $\Upsilon_\mu\in\Lambda^1$ and pseudo-vector potential $\Omega_\mu\in\Lambda^3$ by Clifford algebra not only makes the calculation simpler, but also highlights their different physical meanings. The representation of the new spinor connection is dependent only on the metric, but not on the Dirac matrix. Keller connection only corresponds to geometric calculations, but the potential $\Omega_\mu$ has dynamical effects, which couples with the spin of a spinor and may be the origin of the celestial magnetic field. Only in the new form of connection can we clearly define the classical concepts for the spinor field and then derive its complete classical dynamics, that is, Newton's second law of particles. To study the interaction between space-time and fermion, we need an explicit form of the energy-momentum tensor of spinor fields. However, the energy-momentum tensor is closely related to the tetrad, and the tetrad cannot be uniquely determined by the metric. This uncertainty increases the difficulty of deriving rigorous expression. In this paper, through a specific representation of tetrad, we derive the concrete energy-momentum tensor and its classical approximation. In the derivation of energy-momentum tensor, we obtain a spinor coefficient table $S^{\mu\nu}_{ab}$, which plays an important role in the interaction between spinor and gravity. From this paper we find that, Clifford algebra has irreplaceable advantages in the study of geometry and physics.

Subject Areas

Clifford algebra; tetrad; spinor connection; natural coordinate system; energy-momentum tensor; local Lorentz transformation; spin-gravity interaction

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