Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Liquid Metal Flow under Traveling Magnetic Field: Solidification Simulation and Pulsating Flow Analysis

Version 1 : Received: 25 March 2020 / Approved: 27 March 2020 / Online: 27 March 2020 (03:22:32 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Shvydkiy, E.; Baake, E.; Köppen, D. Liquid Metal Flow Under Traveling Magnetic Field—Solidification Simulation and Pulsating Flow Analysis. Metals 2020, 10, 532. Shvydkiy, E.; Baake, E.; Köppen, D. Liquid Metal Flow Under Traveling Magnetic Field—Solidification Simulation and Pulsating Flow Analysis. Metals 2020, 10, 532.

Journal reference: Metals 2020, 10, 532
DOI: 10.3390/met10040532

Abstract

Non steady applied magnetic field impact on a liquid metals has good prospects for industry. For a better understanding of heat and mass transfer processes under these circumstances, numerical simulations are needed. A combination of finite elements and volumes methods was used to calculate the flow and solidification of liquid metal under electromagnetic influence. Validation of numerical results was carried out by means of measuring with ultrasound Doppler velocimetry technique, as well as with neutron radiography snapshots of the position and shape of the solid/liquid interface. As a result of the first part of the work, a numerical model of electromagnetic stirring and solidification was developed and validated. This model could be an effective tool for analyzing the electromagnetic stirring during the solidification process. In the second part, the dependences of the velocity pulsation amplitude and the melt velocity maximum value on the magnetic field pulsation frequency are obtained. It was found numerically the ability of the pulsating force action to develop higher values of the liquid metal velocity at a frequency close to the MHD resonance. Obtained characteristics give a more detailed description of the electrically conductive liquid behaviour under action of pulsating traveling magnetic field.

Subject Areas

electromagnetic stirring; forced convection; traveling magnetic field; liquid metal; solidification; numerical analysis; pulsed magnetic field; gallium

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