Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Co-infection of Coronavirus Disease 2019 and Influenza: A Report from Iran

Version 1 : Received: 17 March 2020 / Approved: 19 March 2020 / Online: 19 March 2020 (02:00:47 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.


Background: On late December 2019, a viral pneumonia known as coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), was originated from China and spread very rapidly in the world. Therefore, COVID-19 became a global concern and health problem. Methods: We presented four patients in this study. They were selected from patients who presented with pneumonia symptoms and were suspicious for COVID-19 and referred to the intended centers for COVID-19 diagnosis and management of Shiraz University of Medical Sciences in the south of Iran. Two nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal throat swab samples were collected from each patient and tested for severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) detection by real-time reverse-transcriptase–polymerase-chain-reaction (RT-PCR), and also samples were sent for influenza viruses and all the respiratory panel. Results: In the present report, four patients were diagnosed in the starting days of COVID-19 disease in our center in south of Iran with co-infection of SARS-CoV-2 and influenza virus. Conclusions: This co-infection of COVID-19 and influenza highlights the importance of considering SARS-CoV-2 PCR assay regardless of other positive findings for other pathogens in the primary test during the epidemic.


co-infection; coronavirus disease 2019; COVID-19; influenza


Medicine and Pharmacology, Epidemiology and Infectious Diseases

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