Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Critical Care Nurses’ Understanding and Experiences of Patient Advocacy in the Critical Care Setting: A Systematic Review

Version 1 : Received: 10 March 2020 / Approved: 12 March 2020 / Online: 12 March 2020 (04:42:24 CET)

How to cite: Kumah, E.A.; Boadu, P.; Duncan, R. Critical Care Nurses’ Understanding and Experiences of Patient Advocacy in the Critical Care Setting: A Systematic Review. Preprints 2020, 2020030200 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202003.0200.v1). Kumah, E.A.; Boadu, P.; Duncan, R. Critical Care Nurses’ Understanding and Experiences of Patient Advocacy in the Critical Care Setting: A Systematic Review. Preprints 2020, 2020030200 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202003.0200.v1).

Abstract

Objectives: The purpose of this systematic review was to ascertain critical care nurses’ understanding and experiences of patient advocacy in adult critical care settings. The specific objectives were to identify how critical care nurses define patient advocacy, to explore the understanding and experiences of critical care nurses regarding patient advocacy, to explore critical care nurses’ role in patient advocacy, and to ascertain the barriers to encouraging advocacy in the critical care setting. Research design: Systematic literature search of CINAHL and Medline databases, Google Scholar, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, as well as grey literature search, was conducted. Search dates were restricted from January 2005 to 2015 in both CINAHL and Medline. Findings: 62 studies were identified, of which 6 qualitative research papers were included. Nurses gave varied definitions of patient advocacy, which were categorized into three themes: communication, protection, and doing. Nurses perceive advocacy as truly listening to patients and their families. Conclusion: For critical care nurses to be effective advocates, there must be support, collaboration, and improved working relationship between professional groups. Moreover, nurses must be empowered to be able to give power to patients and family.

Subject Areas

critical care nurses; critical care setting; experiences; patient advocacy; systematic review; understanding

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