Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Autophagy in Astrocytes: Importance for Metabolism

Version 1 : Received: 27 February 2020 / Approved: 28 February 2020 / Online: 28 February 2020 (13:18:35 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Ortiz-Rodriguez, A.; Arevalo, M.-A. The Contribution of Astrocyte Autophagy to Systemic Metabolism. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 2479. Ortiz-Rodriguez, A.; Arevalo, M.-A. The Contribution of Astrocyte Autophagy to Systemic Metabolism. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 2479.

Journal reference: Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2020, 21, 2479
DOI: 10.3390/ijms21072479

Abstract

Autophagy is an essential mechanism to maintain cellular homeostasis. Besides its role in controlling the quality of cytoplasmic components, it participates in nutrient obtaining and lipid mobilization under stressful conditions. Furthermore, autophagy is involved in the regulation of systemic metabolic, a function mainly performed by neuronal populations of the arcuate nucleus of the hypothalamus. Several studies have shown that blockade of autophagy in these neurons can affect central regulation of metabolism and impact body energy balance. Moreover, hypothalamic autophagy can be altered during obesity. However, neurons are not the only cell type involved in the central regulation of metabolism. Astrocytes, essential cells for brain homeostasis, are key metabolic regulators. They can sense metabolic signals in the hypothalamus and modulate systemic functions as glucose homeostasis and feeding response. Moreover, the response of astrocytes to obesity has been widely studied. Astrocytes are important mediators of brain inflammation and can be affected by increased levels of saturated fatty acids associated to obesity. Although autophagy plays important roles for astrocyte homeostasis and functioning, the contribution of astrocyte autophagy to systemic metabolism has not been analysed. Furthermore, how obesity can impact astrocyte autophagy is poorly understood. More studies are needed in other to understand the contribution of astrocyte autophagy to metabolism.

Subject Areas

astrocytes; autophagy; hypothalamus; metabolism; obesity

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