Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Dynamics of Neutrino Wave Packet in the Tachyon-like Dirac Equation

Version 1 : Received: 21 February 2020 / Approved: 24 February 2020 / Online: 24 February 2020 (05:21:43 CET)

How to cite: Nanni, L. Dynamics of Neutrino Wave Packet in the Tachyon-like Dirac Equation. Preprints 2020, 2020020346 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202002.0346.v1). Nanni, L. Dynamics of Neutrino Wave Packet in the Tachyon-like Dirac Equation. Preprints 2020, 2020020346 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202002.0346.v1).

Abstract

In this study the tachyon-like Dirac equation, formulated by Chodos to describe superluminal neutrino, is solved. The analytical solutions are Gaussian wave packets obtained using the envelope method. It is shown that the superluminal neutrino behaves like a pseudo-tachyon, namely a particle with subluminal velocity and pure imaginary mass that fulfils the energy-momentum relation typical of classical tachyons. The obtained results are used to prove that the trembling motion of the particle position around the median, known as Zitterbewegung, also takes place for the superluminal neutrino, even if the oscillation velocity is always lower than the speed of light. Finally, the pseudo-tachyon wave packet is used to calculate the probability of oscillation between mass states, obtaining a formula analogous to the one obtained for the ordinary neutrino. This suggest that in the experiments concerning neutrino oscillation is not possible to distinguish tachyonic neutrinos from ordinary ones.

Subject Areas

Dirac equation; superluminal neutrino; mass oscillation; Zitterbewegung

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