Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

The Effect of Vanadate, Phosphate, Fluoride Compounds and Their Effect on the Aqueous Corrosion of Magnesium Alloy AZ31 in Dilute Chloride Solutions

Version 1 : Received: 19 February 2020 / Approved: 21 February 2020 / Online: 21 February 2020 (02:21:19 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Feng, Z.; Li, J.; Yang, Z.; Buchheit, R. The Effect of Vanadate, Phosphate, Fluoride Compounds on the Aqueous Corrosion of Magnesium Alloy AZ31 in Dilute Chloride Solutions. Materials 2020, 13, 1325. Feng, Z.; Li, J.; Yang, Z.; Buchheit, R. The Effect of Vanadate, Phosphate, Fluoride Compounds on the Aqueous Corrosion of Magnesium Alloy AZ31 in Dilute Chloride Solutions. Materials 2020, 13, 1325.

Journal reference: Materials 2020, 13, 1325
DOI: 10.3390/ma13061325

Abstract

The anodic polarization response of magnesium alloy AZ31 was characterized during exposure to aerated 0.1M NaCl solutions with millimolar additions of NaVO3, Na3PO4, Na2HPO4, NaF and various pairings to assess their ability to inhibit corrosion kinetics and retard localized corrosion. Each of the candidate inhibitors reduced the corrosion rate of the alloy to some degree. A Na3PO4 - NaVO3 pair produced a powerful inhibiting response decreasing the corrosion rate to about 10-7 A/cm2, which was two orders of magnitude lower than the uninhibited control case. A Bliss Independence assessment indicated that this inhibitor pair acted synergistically. A Na2HPO4 - NaVO3 pair reduced the corrosion rate to 10-6 A/cm2 but was not assessed to be acting synergistically. The NaVO3 - NaF pair did not reduce the corrosion rate significantly compared to the control case and was an antagonistic pairing. SEM imaging showed film formation due to exposure, which appears to be the origins of the observed inhibition. The resistance to localized corrosion was assessed as the difference in the breakdown potential and the corrosion potential with larger values indicating a lower probability of localized corrosion during free corrosion exposures. Effects of the inhibitors on this characteristic were mixed, but each of the inhibitor pairs yielded potential differences in excess of 100mV. A conceptual conversion coating process based on a mixture of vanadate and phosphate compounds were demonstrated. A fluoride-bearing formulation produced coatings whose total impedance was increased by a factor or 2 compared to an uncoated control. A fluoride-free formulation produced coatings whose corrosion resistance was increased by more than a factor of 3.

Subject Areas

light alloys; magnesium; corrosion; vanadate; phosphate; fluoride; inhibition; conversion coating

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