Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Higher Net Protein Balance Following the Ingestion of Free Range Reindeer Compared to Commercial Beef

Version 1 : Received: 19 February 2020 / Approved: 20 February 2020 / Online: 20 February 2020 (05:27:15 CET)

How to cite: Coker, M.S.; Ladd, K.R.; Schutzler, S.E.; Park, S.; Williams, R.H.; Deutz, N.E.; Wolfe, R.R.; Coker, R.H. Higher Net Protein Balance Following the Ingestion of Free Range Reindeer Compared to Commercial Beef. Preprints 2020, 2020020284 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202002.0284.v1). Coker, M.S.; Ladd, K.R.; Schutzler, S.E.; Park, S.; Williams, R.H.; Deutz, N.E.; Wolfe, R.R.; Coker, R.H. Higher Net Protein Balance Following the Ingestion of Free Range Reindeer Compared to Commercial Beef. Preprints 2020, 2020020284 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202002.0284.v1).

Abstract

Wild game consumption has been associated with health benefits, but the influence on protein metabolism remains unknown. We compared the feeding-induced response to 2 oz of free-range reindeer (FR) versus commercial beef (CB) using stable isotope methodology. Seven male and female participants (age: 38±12 years; body mass index: 24±3 kg/m2) completed two studies using a randomized, crossover design in which they ingested 2 oz of FR or CB. L-[ring 2H5]phenylalanine & L-[ring 2H2]tyrosine were delivered via primed, continuous intravenous infusion. Blood samples were collected during the basal period and following consumption of FR or CB. Feeding-induced changes in whole body protein synthesis (PS), protein breakdown (PB), and net protein balance (NB) were determined via analysis of plasma samples for phenyalanine and tyrosine enrichment by gas chromatography mass spectrometry; plasma essential amino acid concentrations were determined by liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-mass spectrometry. Plasma post-prandial essential amino acid (EAA) concentrations were higher with the ingestion of FR compared to CB (P=0.02). The acute feeding-induced response in PS was not different in either trial, but PB was reduced with the ingestion of FR compared to CB (P<0.0001). The difference in PB contributed to a superior level of NB (P<0.0001). When protein kinetics were normalized relative to the amino acids ingested, PB/EAAs and total amino acids ingested were reduced (P<0.01 and 0.001, respectively) in FR compared to CB; contributing to greater NB/total amino acid ingested (P<0.0001) between FR and CB. We conclude that the nutrient profiles of FR may have a more favorable benefit on protein metabolism compared to CB. These data support the potential health benefits of wild game in the preservation of whole-body protein.

Subject Areas

amino acids; protein kinetics; fatty acids

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