Working Paper Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Carbon Footprint based on Tourists Consumption toward Sustainable Tourism in Japan

Version 1 : Received: 18 February 2020 / Approved: 19 February 2020 / Online: 19 February 2020 (10:28:55 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Kitamura, Y.; Ichisugi, Y.; Karkour, S.; Itsubo, N. Carbon Footprint Evaluation based on Tourist Consumption toward Sustainable Tourism in Japan. Sustainability 2020, 12, 2219. Kitamura, Y.; Ichisugi, Y.; Karkour, S.; Itsubo, N. Carbon Footprint Evaluation based on Tourist Consumption toward Sustainable Tourism in Japan. Sustainability 2020, 12, 2219.

Journal reference: Sustainability 2020, 12, 2219
DOI: 10.3390/su12062219

Abstract

The importance of the contribution from tourism to climate change was pointed out by the International Tourism Organization (UNWTO). By combining process-based Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) and Input-output analysis, several researches have tried to evaluate the impacts of the tourism industry as well as its products and services. Indeed, the tourism sector has a wide range of industries including travel and tour, transportation, accommodation, food and beverage, amusement, souvenirs etc. However, the existing cases did not show a breakdown of the impact on climate change. In this paper, the carbon footprint (CFP) of the Japanese tourism industry was calculated based on tourist consumption, using the Japanese Input-output table and the Japanese tourism industry. It was shown that the total emissions were approximately 136 million t-CO2 per year. The contribution ratio of each stage is as follows: Transport 56.3%, Souvenirs 23.2%, Petrol (direct emissions) 16.9%, Accommodation 9.8%, Food and Beverage 7.5%, Activities 3.0%. Then, in the breakdown, the impact is high in the following order Air transport 24.7%, Petrol (direct emissions) 16.9%,Accommodation 9.8%, Food and Beverage 7.5%, Petrol 6.1%, Textile products 5.3%, Food items 4.9%, Confectionery 4.8%, Rail transport 3.9%, Cosmetics 1.9%, Footwear 1.8%, etc. In addition to transportation, this research also highlighted especially the contribution from souvenirs, accommodation, food and beverages.

Subject Areas

Life Cycle Assessment (LCA); Carbon Footprint (CFP); Tourism

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