Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Analysis of the Resilience Process Experienced by People Living with Visual Impairment

Version 1 : Received: 13 February 2020 / Approved: 14 February 2020 / Online: 14 February 2020 (09:24:03 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Sim, I.O. Analysis of the Coping Process among Visually Impaired Individuals, Using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2819. Sim, I.O. Analysis of the Coping Process among Visually Impaired Individuals, Using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA). Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2819.

Journal reference: Int. J. Environ. Res. Public Health 2020, 17, 2819
DOI: 10.3390/ijerph17082819

Abstract

There is a lack of research based on in-depth theoretical and scientific knowledge to understand the visually impaired, and there has been little effort in the application of strategies for early intervention to minimize risk these people might encounter during development.. This study used semi-structured interviews from eight persons with visual impairments who had various experiences with resiliency. Three resilience processes based on life experiences were identified: 1) Experience and Adaptation: “self-awareness of disability” and “adaptation disability and the environment”; 2) Facing the Circumstances: “the exposure to concealment and abuse,” “the suppression of potential,” “denial and abandonment by family,” “poverty and disability,” “exchange and self-regulation,” and “social integration” themes; and 3) the Positive Reinforcement: “self-disclosure and jump-starting life,” “maintenance of a positive thinking,” and “socioeconomic independence.” These findings expand the understanding of the factors common to the resilience process experienced by individuals with visual impairment and highlight the importance of psychological support, family, education, and social support.

Subject Areas

experience; resilience; process; visual impairments

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