Working Paper Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

A Novel Approach for Improving Mechanical Properties in Friction Stir Butt Welded AA6061 Aluminum Plates by Using Preheat

Version 1 : Received: 11 February 2020 / Approved: 14 February 2020 / Online: 14 February 2020 (03:02:51 CET)

How to cite: Amirabadi, H.; Bani Mostafa Arab, N.; Safi, S.V. A Novel Approach for Improving Mechanical Properties in Friction Stir Butt Welded AA6061 Aluminum Plates by Using Preheat. Preprints 2020, 2020020183 Amirabadi, H.; Bani Mostafa Arab, N.; Safi, S.V. A Novel Approach for Improving Mechanical Properties in Friction Stir Butt Welded AA6061 Aluminum Plates by Using Preheat. Preprints 2020, 2020020183

Abstract

In this paper, the effect of preheating on the mechanical properties and micro structure of similar friction stir welded AA6061 aluminum alloys sheets was investigated. Aluminum alloy 6061 sheets with a thickness of 5 mm and threaded cylindrical pins were used. Rotation and traverse speeds were 1200 rpm and 75 mm/min, respectively. The results of tensile tests performed on the welded samples showed that compared to the non-preheated samples, preheating had increased the strength and elongation of the joints by 58% and 46%, respectively. In the present study, during the welding process preheating cause emerged heat with lower slope from stir zone. This phenomenon may result in Increase the deformation resistance of material and consequently decrease of grain size. This grain refinement can improve the mechanical properties of welds. Accordingly, hardness and strength of the material will be increased.

Subject Areas

friction stir welding; aluminum alloy; preheating; mechanical properties; microstructure

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