Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Safety-oriented Practices of Adult Bicycle Riders in Brooklyn, New York USA: An Interview Study

Version 1 : Received: 10 February 2020 / Approved: 12 February 2020 / Online: 12 February 2020 (12:26:51 CET)

How to cite: Hoglund, M. Safety-oriented Practices of Adult Bicycle Riders in Brooklyn, New York USA: An Interview Study. Preprints 2020, 2020020159 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202002.0159.v1). Hoglund, M. Safety-oriented Practices of Adult Bicycle Riders in Brooklyn, New York USA: An Interview Study. Preprints 2020, 2020020159 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202002.0159.v1).

Abstract

The primary purpose of this investigation was to identify safety-oriented bicycling practices commonly used by adult riders in an urban setting (Brooklyn, New York), and to explore whether there are any differences between the safety-oriented practices of men and women riders. Methods: 24 adult riders (14 men, 10 women) in Brooklyn were interviewed concerning their perceptions of bicycling hazards and their safety-oriented practices. Interviews were recorded, transcribed, and analyzed through thematic analysis. Fisher’s Exact Test was employed to test for gender differences. Results: Participants identified a variety of hazards, mainly due to motor vehicles but also pedestrians and roadway conditions. The analysis distilled twenty-one bicycling practices to summarize prevalent views of the participants about safe riding practices. Related items were grouped under broader categories, generating seven safety-oriented bicycling strategies. Few differences based on gender were found in the analysis; however, women in this study were more likely than men to say that they felt disrespected by other road users. Conclusion: Seven strategies may be important for safe urban bicycling: minimizing exposure to other road users (especially motor vehicles) while riding, being vigilant and anticipating what others might do, riding in a predictable fashion, making one’s presence known to other road users, making sure it is safe before proceeding, obeying traffic rules, and riding at a safe speed. Future studies could develop these concepts further and test whether they are associated with involvement in traffic crashes.

Subject Areas

Bicycle; Bicyclist; Behavior; Safety; Crash Prevention

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