Working Paper Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Worldwide Hydrogen Provision Scheme Based on Renewable Energy

Version 1 : Received: 5 February 2020 / Approved: 8 February 2020 / Online: 8 February 2020 (05:36:14 CET)

How to cite: Heuser, P.; Grube, T.; Heinrichs, H.; Robinius, M.; Stolten, D. Worldwide Hydrogen Provision Scheme Based on Renewable Energy. Preprints 2020, 2020020100 Heuser, P.; Grube, T.; Heinrichs, H.; Robinius, M.; Stolten, D. Worldwide Hydrogen Provision Scheme Based on Renewable Energy. Preprints 2020, 2020020100

Abstract

The threats of climate change and the sustainable supply of clean energy are global challenges that require an international approach to the energy supply. Utilizing the wind and solar energy potential of regions where these renewable sources are especially viable to produce hydrogen by means of water electrolysis represents an attractive option to counter the above-mentioned challenges. Within the scope of this techno economic analysis of a worldwide hydrogen supply infrastructure based on renewable energy, selected regions are assessed on the basis of their wind or solar energy potential. In contrast to established analyses of hydrogen infrastructures, this paper introduces a worldwide allocation approach to the supply hydrogen from strong wind and solar regions to different demand regions on the premise of a global supply cost minimum. The allocation results show a significant dependence of hydrogen export volumes and the oversea transport distances of potential trading partners. Hence, the transnational trading flows of hydrogen derived from wind and solar energy are concentrated in continental regions.

Subject Areas

hydrogen supply; renewable energy import; global energy infrastructure; hydrogen trade

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