Preprint Article Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Crop Productivity and Implications for Food Security and Rural Livelihood Development in Africa

Version 1 : Received: 25 January 2020 / Approved: 27 January 2020 / Online: 27 January 2020 (13:24:18 CET)

How to cite: Akudugu, M.A.; Millar, K.K.; Mubarik, S. Crop Productivity and Implications for Food Security and Rural Livelihood Development in Africa. Preprints 2020, 2020010327 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202001.0327.v1). Akudugu, M.A.; Millar, K.K.; Mubarik, S. Crop Productivity and Implications for Food Security and Rural Livelihood Development in Africa. Preprints 2020, 2020010327 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202001.0327.v1).

Abstract

Over the past few decades, there have been major advances in crop productivity across the world, which has been made possible through a combination of productivity enhancing technological innovations. Beyond this achievement however, most parts of Africa are still battling with low crop productivity resulting in food shortages and food insecurity. The yields of many staple crops are still far below their agronomic potentials with output increases being attributed largely to area expansion. This paper examines the implications of the current trends of crop/plant productivity for food security and rural livelihood development in Africa using Ghana as a case study. The paper argues that crop production in Africa is becoming a less viable and unattractive livelihood activity with farmers diversifying out of agriculture into non-agricultural activities such as illegal small-scale mining, which have negative consequences on the ability of African countries to attain the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

Subject Areas

agriculture; Africa; productivity; rural livelihoods; staple crops

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