Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Drag Reduction by Additives in Curved Pipes for Single-Phase Liquid and Two-Phase Flows: A Review

Version 1 : Received: 2 January 2020 / Approved: 4 January 2020 / Online: 4 January 2020 (06:24:32 CET)

How to cite: Ayegba, P.O.; Edomwonyi-Otu, L.C.; Abubakar, A.; Yusuf, N. Drag Reduction by Additives in Curved Pipes for Single-Phase Liquid and Two-Phase Flows: A Review. Preprints 2020, 2020010031 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202001.0031.v1). Ayegba, P.O.; Edomwonyi-Otu, L.C.; Abubakar, A.; Yusuf, N. Drag Reduction by Additives in Curved Pipes for Single-Phase Liquid and Two-Phase Flows: A Review. Preprints 2020, 2020010031 (doi: 10.20944/preprints202001.0031.v1).

Abstract

A review of influence of drag-reducing agents on curved pipe flows is presented in this work. In addition, this review outlined proposed mechanism, friction factor and fluid flux models for drag-reducing agents in curved pipe flows. Our finding reveals that drag reduction by additives in curved pipes is quite significant but generally lower than the corresponding drag reduction in straight pipes. It decreases with increase in curvature ratio and more pronounced in the transition and turbulent flow regimes. Drag reduction strongly depends on the polymers and surfactants’ concentrations as well as the bubble fraction of micro-bubbles. It is also reported that drag reduction in curved pipes depends on temperature and existence of dissolved salts in the fluids. Maximum drag reduction asymptote differed between straight and curved pipes and between polymer and surfactant. No definite conclusion could be drawn as regards drag reduction for two-phase flow in curved pipes due to the limited studies in this area. Many questions such as the mechanism of drag reduction in curved pipes and how drag-reducing agents interact with secondary flows still remained unanswered. Hence, some research gaps have been identified with recommendations for areas of future researches.

Subject Areas

drag reduction; drag reducing agents; curved pipes; single phase flow; two phase flows

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