Working Paper Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Fault Diagnosis of Diesel Engine Valve Clearance Based on Variational Mode Decomposition and Random Forest

Version 1 : Received: 24 December 2019 / Approved: 25 December 2019 / Online: 25 December 2019 (11:13:13 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Zhao, N.; Mao, Z.; Wei, D.; Zhao, H.; Zhang, J.; Jiang, Z. Fault Diagnosis of Diesel Engine Valve Clearance Based on Variational Mode Decomposition and Random Forest. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 1124. Zhao, N.; Mao, Z.; Wei, D.; Zhao, H.; Zhang, J.; Jiang, Z. Fault Diagnosis of Diesel Engine Valve Clearance Based on Variational Mode Decomposition and Random Forest. Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 1124.

Journal reference: Appl. Sci. 2020, 10, 1124
DOI: 10.3390/app10031124

Abstract

Diesel engines, as power equipment, are widely used in the fields of automobile industry, ship and power equipment. Due to wear or faulty adjustment, the valve train clearance abnormal fault is a typical failure of diesel engines, which may result in the performance degradation, even valve fracture and cylinder hit fault. However, the failure mechanism features mainly in time domain and angular domain, on which the current diagnosis methods based, are easily affected by working conditions or hard to extract accurate enough, as the diesel engine keeps running in transient and non-stationary process. This work arms at diagnosing this fault mainly based on frequency band features which would change when the valve clearance fault occurs. For the purpose of extracting a series of frequency band features adaptively,a decomposition technique based on improved variational mode decomposition is investigated in this work. As the connection between the features and the fault is fuzzy, the random forest algorithm is used to analyze the correspondence between features and faults. In addition, the feature dimension is reduced to improve the operation efficiency according to importance score. The experimental results under variable speed condition show that the method based on variational mode decomposition and random forest is capable to detect valve clearance fault effectively.

Subject Areas

diesel engine; fault diagnosis; variational mode decomposition; random forest; feature extraction

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