Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Beyond Ethylene: New Insights Regarding the Role of AOX in the Respiratory Climacteric

Version 1 : Received: 26 November 2019 / Approved: 27 November 2019 / Online: 27 November 2019 (06:46:00 CET)

How to cite: Hewitt, S.; Dhingra, A. Beyond Ethylene: New Insights Regarding the Role of AOX in the Respiratory Climacteric. Preprints 2019, 2019110334 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201911.0334.v1). Hewitt, S.; Dhingra, A. Beyond Ethylene: New Insights Regarding the Role of AOX in the Respiratory Climacteric. Preprints 2019, 2019110334 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201911.0334.v1).

Abstract

Climacteric fruits are characterized by a dramatic increase in autocatalytic ethylene production, which is accompanied by a spike in respiration, at the onset of ripening. The change in the mode of ethylene production from autoinhibitory to auto-stimulatory is known as the system 1 (S1) to system 2 (S2) transition. Existing physiological models explain the basic and overarching genetic, hormonal, and transcriptional regulatory mechanisms governing the S1 to S2 transition of climacteric fruit. However, the links between ethylene and respiration, the two main factors that characterize the respiratory climacteric, have been largely understudied at the molecular level. Results of recent studies indicate that the AOX respiratory pathway may play an important role in mediating cross talk between ethylene response, carbon metabolism, ATP production, and ROS signaling during climacteric ripening. New genomic, metabolic, and epigenetic information sheds light on the interconnectedness of ripening-associated metabolic pathways, necessitating expanding the current, ethylene-centric physiological models. Understanding points at which ripening responses can be manipulated may reveal key, speciesand cultivar-specific targets for regulation of ripening enabling superior strategies for reducing postharvest wastage.

Subject Areas

ethylene; ripening; alternative oxidase; alternative respiration; post-harvest; phytohormone; system 2 ethylene; fruit

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