Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Conceptual Design optimization of a Blended Wing Body (BWB) Aircraft Using Flying and Handling Qualities Assessment

Version 1 : Received: 22 November 2019 / Approved: 27 November 2019 / Online: 27 November 2019 (03:28:27 CET)

How to cite: Humphreys-Jennings, C.; Lappas, I.; Sovar, D.M. Conceptual Design optimization of a Blended Wing Body (BWB) Aircraft Using Flying and Handling Qualities Assessment. Preprints 2019, 2019110284 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201911.0284.v1). Humphreys-Jennings, C.; Lappas, I.; Sovar, D.M. Conceptual Design optimization of a Blended Wing Body (BWB) Aircraft Using Flying and Handling Qualities Assessment. Preprints 2019, 2019110284 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201911.0284.v1).

Abstract

The Blended Wing Body (BWB) configuration is considered to have the potential of providing significant advantages when compared to conventional aircraft designs. At the same time, numerous studies have reported that technical challenges exist in many areas of its design, including stability and control. This study aims to create a novel BWB design to test its flying and handling qualities using an engineering flight simulator and as such, to identify potential design solutions which will enhance its controllability and manoeuvrability characteristics. This aircraft is aimed toward the commercial sector with a range of 3,000 nautical miles, carrying a payload of 20,000kg. In the engineering flight simulator a flight test was undertaken; first, to determine the BWB design’s static stability through a standard commercial mission profile, and then to determine its dynamic stability characteristics through standard dynamic modes. Its flying qualities suggested its stability with a static margin of 8.652% of the Mean Aerodynamic Chord (MAC) and consistent response from the pilot input. In addition, the aircraft achieved a maximum lift-to-drag ratio of 28.1; a maximum range of 4,581 nautical miles; zero-lift drag of 0.005; and meeting all the requirements of the dynamic modes.

Subject Areas

blended wing body (BWB); aircraft conceptual design; engineering flight simulator; flying and handling qualities; aircraft stability

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