Preprint Technical Note Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Non-Contact Measurement of Blade Vibration in an Axial Compressor

Version 1 : Received: 24 November 2019 / Approved: 24 November 2019 / Online: 24 November 2019 (13:32:49 CET)

How to cite: Przysowa, R.; Russhard, P. Non-Contact Measurement of Blade Vibration in an Axial Compressor. Preprints 2019, 2019110279 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201911.0279.v1). Przysowa, R.; Russhard, P. Non-Contact Measurement of Blade Vibration in an Axial Compressor. Preprints 2019, 2019110279 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201911.0279.v1).

Abstract

Complex blade responses such as a rotating stall or simultaneous resonances are common in modern engines and their observation can be a challenge even for state-of-the-art tip-timing systems and trained operators. This paper analyses forced vibrations of axial compressor blades, measured during the bench tests of the SO-3 turbojet. In relation to earlier studies conducted in ITWL with a small number of sensors, a multichannel tip-timing system let us observe simultaneous responses or higher-order modes. To find possible symptoms of a failure, blade responses in a healthy and unhealthy engine configuration with an inlet blocker were studied. The used analysis methods covered all-blade spectrum and the circumferential fitting of blade deflections to the harmonic oscillator model. The proposed modal solver can track the vibration frequency and adjust the engine order on the fly. That way, synchronous and asynchronous vibrations are observed and analysed together with an extended variant of least squares. The proposed approach helps to avoid common mistakes and saves a lot of work related to configuring the conventional solver.

Subject Areas

blade vibration; blade tip-timing; rotating stall; axial compressor; blade health monitoring; least squares; bladed disc dynamics

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