Preprint Review Version 1 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Strengthening Participation using Interactive Planning Support Systems: A Systematic Review

Version 1 : Received: 14 November 2019 / Approved: 16 November 2019 / Online: 16 November 2019 (00:49:02 CET)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.


Interactive Planning Support Systems (PSS) implemented on a maptable are deemed suitable to support participatory planning processes. Through their interactive nature and user-friendly interface they are supposed to facilitate exchange of knowledge between stakeholders, consensus building among them, group learning processes, and thereby strengthen participation. We analyze in this systematic review, based on 16 case studies using interactive PSS, how such PSS have contributed to the goal of strengthening stakeholder participation. Results show that tools and applications have become more sophisticated in recent years and the goals of the studies changed from collaboratively designing interventions to observing and understanding how the application of such tools contributes to improved plan outcomes and group based learning. However, many case studies lack a proper framework and operationalization for investigating the impacts of the tools and applications on participation. Consequently, impacts on participation are assessed rather incidentally based on implicit assumptions and often no distinction is made between the different aspects of participation. In conclusion, further theoretical studies conceptualizing impacts of interactive PSS on participation are needed as well as empirical studies testing these impacts in real world case contexts with various groups of stakeholders.


maptable; interactive PSS; collaborative planning; PSS; stakeholders; participation


Social Sciences, Geography, Planning and Development

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