Preprint Article Version 2 Preserved in Portico This version is not peer-reviewed

Effect of Non-Linear Electrodynamics on Weak Field Deflection Angle by Black Hole

Version 1 : Received: 12 November 2019 / Approved: 13 November 2019 / Online: 13 November 2019 (06:41:03 CET)
Version 2 : Received: 1 May 2020 / Approved: 3 May 2020 / Online: 3 May 2020 (09:28:20 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.


In this work, we investigate the weak deflection angle of light from exact black hole within the non-linear electrodynamics. First we calculate the Gaussian optical curvature using the optical spacetime geometry. With the help of modern geometrical way popularized by Gibbons and Werner, we examine the deflection angle of light from exact black hole. For this desire, we determine the optical Gaussian curvature and execute the Gauss-Bonnet theorem on optical metric and calculate the leading terms of deflection angle in the weak limit approximation. Furthermore, we likewise study the plasma medium's effect on weak gravitational lensing by exact black hole. Hence we expose the effect of the non-linear electrodynamics on the deflection angle in the weak gravitational field.


weak gravitational lensing; asymptotically flat black hole; deflection angle; non-linear electrodynamics; Gauss-Bonnet theorem


Physical Sciences, Atomic and Molecular Physics

Comments (1)

Comment 1
Received: 3 May 2020
Commenter: Ali Övgün
Commenter's Conflict of Interests: Author
Comment: -new references are added.
-typos are corrected
+ Respond to this comment

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our Diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
* All users must log in before leaving a comment
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 1
Metrics 0

Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.
We use cookies on our website to ensure you get the best experience.
Read more about our cookies here.