Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Analysis of Raindrop Shapes, Fall Velocities, and Scattering Calculations during Tropical Storm Nate

Version 1 : Received: 23 October 2019 / Approved: 25 October 2019 / Online: 25 October 2019 (04:22:52 CEST)

How to cite: Thurai, M.; Steger, S.; Teschl, F.; Schoenhuber, M. Analysis of Raindrop Shapes, Fall Velocities, and Scattering Calculations during Tropical Storm Nate. Preprints 2019, 2019100284 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201910.0284.v1). Thurai, M.; Steger, S.; Teschl, F.; Schoenhuber, M. Analysis of Raindrop Shapes, Fall Velocities, and Scattering Calculations during Tropical Storm Nate. Preprints 2019, 2019100284 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201910.0284.v1).

Abstract

Tropical storm Nate, which was a powerful hurricane prior to landfall along the Alabama coast, traversed north towards our instrumented site in Hunstville, AL. The rain bands lasted 18 h and the 2D-video disdrometer (2DVD) captured the event which was shallow and indicative of pure warm rain processes. Measurements of raindrop size, shape and velocity distributions are quite rare in pure warm rain and are expected to differ from cold rain processes. In particular, asymmetric shapes due to drop oscillations and their impact on polarimetric radar signatures in warm rain have not been studied so far. Recently, the 2DVD data has been used for 3D reconstruction of asymmetric raindrop shapes but their fraction (relative to the more common oblate shapes) in warm rain has yet to be ascertained. Here we compute the scattering matrix drop-by-drop using Computer Simulation Technology integral equation solver for drop sizes>2.5 mm. From the scattering matrix elements, the polarimetric radar observables are simulated by integrating over 1 minute consecutive segments of the event. These simulated values are compared with dual-polarized C-band radar data located at 15 km range from the 2DVD site to evaluate the contribution of the asymmetric drop shapes.

Subject Areas

raindrop shapes; asymmetric rain drops; scattering calculations; polarimetric radar; 2D-video distrometer

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