Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

A Study on Vertical Upward Welding of Dissimilar Material and Thickness of Thin Plates Using Novel TIG Welding Process

Version 1 : Received: 23 October 2019 / Approved: 24 October 2019 / Online: 24 October 2019 (05:55:00 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Huu Manh, N.; Van Anh, N.; Van Tuan, N.; Xu, B.; Akihisa, M. Research and Development of a Novel TIG Welding Torch for Joining Thin Sheets. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 5260. Huu Manh, N.; Van Anh, N.; Van Tuan, N.; Xu, B.; Akihisa, M. Research and Development of a Novel TIG Welding Torch for Joining Thin Sheets. Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 5260.

Journal reference: Appl. Sci. 2019, 9, 5260
DOI: 10.3390/app9235260

Abstract

A study about influence of heat input on welding defects in vertical upward welding position for dissimilar material and thickness using a new variation of TIG welding torch is done with support of advanced inspection methods SEM and EBSD. With vertical upward welding position, control heat input plays an important role to keep the weld stabilization without defects. On the other hand, TIG welding process using a conventional TIG torch (conventional TIG welding process) has low efficiency and it is difficult to control heat input with high accuracy. So, it is considered that using conventional TIG torch is still a challenge for welding thin plates. In this case, a new variation of TIG torch has been developed. This torch used a constricted nozzle to improve plasma arc characteristics. As a result, it can control efficiently the heat input to prevent the excessive or insufficiency for joining thin sheets. For evaluation of welding quality, advanced examination methods SEM and EBSD were applied to directly observe the welding defects. From the results, the formation mechanism of blowhole inside weld zone in case of welding dissimilar material and thickness was discussed. It is pointed out that when sufficient welding current, the change from weld zone to base metal is uniform, no welding defects such as blowhole was seen. However, in case of low welding current, the thinner base metal is insufficient fusion and the change between weld zone and base metal is not uniform. The blowhole was observed at SS400 material side.

Subject Areas

welding thin sheets; constricted nozzle; TIG welding; EBSD; blowhole; heat input

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