Working Paper Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

A Health SDI: The Benefits of and A Call-to-Action for Building a Global Health SDI

Version 1 : Received: 22 October 2019 / Approved: 23 October 2019 / Online: 23 October 2019 (10:27:16 CEST)

How to cite: Gupta, A.; Peruvemba, R.; Churchyard, P.A. A Health SDI: The Benefits of and A Call-to-Action for Building a Global Health SDI. Preprints 2019, 2019100269 Gupta, A.; Peruvemba, R.; Churchyard, P.A. A Health SDI: The Benefits of and A Call-to-Action for Building a Global Health SDI. Preprints 2019, 2019100269

Abstract

Spatial Data Infrastructures (SDI) support the harvesting, curating, storage, and sharing of data along with providing access to development, analytic, and visualization tools that enable the building of innovative applications to address broad or specific challenges. SDIs can be especially powerful in bringing together data and tools supporting a particular theme – and this paper discusses and demonstrates the value of an SDI focused on Health. Many potential benefits of a Health SDI are proposed, and the case of supporting emergency response efforts is developed in detail. Leveraging a Health SDI, a Health Risk Index was created that provides emergency response personnel (both Emergency Operations Managers and Emergency Medical Responders) key insights into the unique health risks the impacted population faces due to the disaster. In order to establish the Health Risk Index, datasets from multiple national and global sources representing health data and social data that influences health outcomes – typically called social determinants of health – are harvested, merged, and republished to support further efforts at advancing the Health Risk Index. Visualizations of the Health Risk Index at the global, national, and sub-national levels down to the address level are presented along with demonstrations of its use.

Subject Areas

Spatial Data Infrastructure; Social Determinants of Health; Healthcare; Health; Geospatial Data Analytics; Geocoding; GeoHealth; GIS; Open Standards; Population Health; Disaster Response; Emergency Response

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