Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Parylene-Coated PTFE-Membrane-Based Portable Urea Sensor for Use in Fast Flow Conditions

Version 1 : Received: 25 September 2019 / Approved: 26 September 2019 / Online: 26 September 2019 (10:01:30 CEST)

How to cite: Park, M.; Kim, J.; Kim, K.; Pyun, J.; Sung, G.Y. Parylene-Coated PTFE-Membrane-Based Portable Urea Sensor for Use in Fast Flow Conditions. Preprints 2019, 2019090297 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201909.0297.v1). Park, M.; Kim, J.; Kim, K.; Pyun, J.; Sung, G.Y. Parylene-Coated PTFE-Membrane-Based Portable Urea Sensor for Use in Fast Flow Conditions. Preprints 2019, 2019090297 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201909.0297.v1).

Abstract

A portable urea sensor for use in the fast flow condition was fabricated using porous polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) membranes coated with amine-functionalized parylene, parylene-A, by vapor deposition. To generate a specific electrochemical sensor signal from urea, the urea-hydrolyzing enzyme urease was immobilized on the parylene-A-coated PTFE membranes via chemical crosslinking using glutaraldehyde. The urease-immobilized membranes were assembled in a polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) fluidic chamber, and a screen-printed carbon three-electrode system was used for electrochemical measurements. The success of urease immobilization was confirmed using fluorescence microscopy, scanning electron microscopy, and Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy. The optimum concentration of urease for immobilization on the parylene-A-coated PTFE membranes was determined to be 48 mg/mL, and the optimum number of membranes in the PDMS chamber was found to be 8. Using these optimized conditions, we fabricated the urea biosensor and monitored urea samples under various flow rates ranging from 0.5 to 10 mL/min in the flow condition using chronoamperometry. To test the applicability of the sensor for physiological samples, we used it for monitoring urea concentration in the waste peritoneal dialysate of a patient with chronic renal failure, at a flow rate of 0.5 mL/min.

Subject Areas

urease immobilization; chemical cross-linking; surface modification; parylene-a; flow system; real-time monitoring

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