Preprint Case Report Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Failure Analysis of fractured Fixing Bolts of a Mobile Elevating Work Platform using Finite Element Methods

Version 1 : Received: 16 September 2019 / Approved: 17 September 2019 / Online: 17 September 2019 (12:44:36 CEST)

How to cite: Choi, D.; Kim, J. Failure Analysis of fractured Fixing Bolts of a Mobile Elevating Work Platform using Finite Element Methods. Preprints 2019, 2019090190 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201909.0190.v1). Choi, D.; Kim, J. Failure Analysis of fractured Fixing Bolts of a Mobile Elevating Work Platform using Finite Element Methods. Preprints 2019, 2019090190 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201909.0190.v1).

Abstract

Mobile elevating work platforms (MEWPs) consist of a work platform, extending structure, and chassis, and are used to move persons to working positions. MEWPs are useful but are composed of pieces of equipment, and accidents do occur owing to equipment defects. Among these defects, accidents caused by the fracture of bolts fixed to the extension structure and swing system are increasing. This paper presents a failure analysis of the fixing bolts of MEWP. Standard procedure for failure analysis was employed in this investigation. Visual inspection, chemical analysis, tensile strength measurement, and finite element analysis (FEA) were used to analyze the failure of the fixing bolts. Using this failure analysis approach, we found the root cause of failure and proposed a means for solving this type of failure in the future. First, the chemical composition of the fixing bolt is obtained by a spectroscopy chemical analysis method, which determined that the chemical composition matched the required standard. The tensile test showed that the tensile and yield strengths were within the required capacity. The stress analysis was carried out at five different boom angles, and it was determined that the fixing bolt of MEWP can withstand the loads at all the boom angles. The outcomes of the fatigue analysis revealed that the fixing bolt fails before reaching the design requirements. The results of the fatigue analysis showed primarily that the failure of the fixing bolt was due to fatigue. A visual inspection of the fractured section of the fixing bolt also confirmed the fatigue failure. We propose a method to prevent failure of the fixing bolt of the MEWP from four different standpoints: the manufacturer, safety certification authority, safety inspection agency, and owner.

Subject Areas

Fatigue Analysis; Finite Element Analysis(FEA); Mobile Elevating Work Platforms(MEWPs); Fixing bolt

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