Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Effect of Needle Size and Volumetric Flow Rate on Root Canal Irrigation: A Numerical Investigation

Version 1 : Received: 15 September 2019 / Approved: 16 September 2019 / Online: 16 September 2019 (10:51:10 CEST)

How to cite: Ghalandari, M.; Malek, M.; Alizadeh, H.; Ghalandari, F.; Mosavi, A.; Shamshirband, S.; Chau, K. Effect of Needle Size and Volumetric Flow Rate on Root Canal Irrigation: A Numerical Investigation. Preprints 2019, 2019090161 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201909.0161.v1). Ghalandari, M.; Malek, M.; Alizadeh, H.; Ghalandari, F.; Mosavi, A.; Shamshirband, S.; Chau, K. Effect of Needle Size and Volumetric Flow Rate on Root Canal Irrigation: A Numerical Investigation. Preprints 2019, 2019090161 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201909.0161.v1).

Abstract

Among the different applicable irrigants for root canal disinfection, sodium hypochlorite 5.25% is one of the most attractive ones. The quality of root canal disinfection is dependent on some factors such as the employed approach, type of flow rate of irrigant and the size of needle. The majority of studies in the field of root canal disinfection are experimentally carried out. In the current article, Computation Fluid Dynamic (CFD) is used for modeling the antimicrobial liquid flow in the root canal and evaluate the effects of needle size and flow rate. Two needles, G28 and G30, are used for irrigation in three volumetric rates of flow including 0.10 mL⁄s , 0.20 mL⁄s and 0.30 mL⁄s. The results of numerical simulations revealed the improved quality of root canal disinfection by augmentation in the rate of flow and decrease in the inner diameter of the needle. According to the outcomes of the modeling, the highest average wall shear stress obtained in the case of using G28 needle and 30 mL⁄s flow rate, which was approximately 10.21 Pa.

Subject Areas

root canal; irrigation; CFD; dentistry

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