Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Effect of Brightness of Visual Stimuli on EEG Signals

Version 1 : Received: 20 August 2019 / Approved: 22 August 2019 / Online: 22 August 2019 (03:43:25 CEST)

How to cite: Eroğlu, K.; Kayıkçıoğlu, T.; Osman, O. Effect of Brightness of Visual Stimuli on EEG Signals. Preprints 2019, 2019080228 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201908.0228.v1). Eroğlu, K.; Kayıkçıoğlu, T.; Osman, O. Effect of Brightness of Visual Stimuli on EEG Signals. Preprints 2019, 2019080228 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201908.0228.v1).

Abstract

The aim of this study was to examine brightness effect, which is the perceptual property of visual stimuli, on brain responses obtained during visual processing of these stimuli. For this purpose, brain responses of the brain to changes in brightness were explored comparatively using different emotional images (pleasant, unpleasant and neutral) with different luminance levels. Moreover, electroencephalography recordings from 12 different electrode sites of 31 healthy participants were used. The power spectra obtained from the analysis of the recordings using short time Fourier transform were analyzed, and a statistical analysis was performed on features extracted from these power spectra. Statistical findings obtained from electrophysiological data were compared with those obtained from behavioral data. The results showed that the brightness of visual stimuli affected the power of brain responses depending on frequency, time and location. According to the statistically verified findings, the distinctive effect of brightness occurred in the parietal and occipital regions for all the three types of stimuli. Accordingly, the increase in the brightness of pleasant and neutral images increased the average power of responses in the parietal and occipital regions whereas the increase in the brightness of unpleasant images decreased the average power of responses in these regions. However, the increase in brightness for all the three types of stimuli reduced the average power of frontal and central region responses (except for 100-300 ms time window for unpleasant stimuli). The statistical results obtained for unpleasant images were found to be in accordance with the behavioral data. The results also revealed that the brightness of visual stimuli could be represented by changing the activity power of the brain cortex. The main contribution of this research was to comprehensively examine brightness effect on brain activity for images with different emotional content and different frequency bands at different time windows of visual processing for different brain regions. The findings emphasized that the brightness of visual stimuli should be viewed as an important parameter in studies using emotional image techniques such as image classification, emotion evaluation and neuro-marketing.

Subject Areas

EEG; luminance; brightness; IAPS; STFT; feature extraction; visual processing; emotion

Comments (0)

We encourage comments and feedback from a broad range of readers. See criteria for comments and our diversity statement.

Leave a public comment
Send a private comment to the author(s)
Views 0
Downloads 0
Comments 0
Metrics 0


×
Alerts
Notify me about updates to this article or when a peer-reviewed version is published.