Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

What Proportion Counts? Disaggregating Access to Safely Managed Sanitation in an Emerging Town in Tanzania

Version 1 : Received: 3 August 2019 / Approved: 6 August 2019 / Online: 6 August 2019 (03:27:05 CEST)

How to cite: Komakech, H.C.; Moyo, F.; Roda, O.V.; Machunda, R.L.; Cairncross, S. What Proportion Counts? Disaggregating Access to Safely Managed Sanitation in an Emerging Town in Tanzania. Preprints 2019, 2019080065 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201908.0065.v1). Komakech, H.C.; Moyo, F.; Roda, O.V.; Machunda, R.L.; Cairncross, S. What Proportion Counts? Disaggregating Access to Safely Managed Sanitation in an Emerging Town in Tanzania. Preprints 2019, 2019080065 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201908.0065.v1).

Abstract

Sustainable Development Goal six sets an ambitious target of leaving no one without adequate sanitation by 2030. The key concern is the lack of local human and financial capital to fund to collect reliable information to monitor progress towards the goal. As a result, national and local records may be telling a different story of the proportion of safely managed sanitation that counts towards achieving the SDGs. This paper unveils such inconsistency in sanitation data generated by urban authorities and proposes a simple approach for collecting reliable and verifiable information on access to safely managed sanitation. It is based a study conducted in Babati Town Council in Tanzania. Using a smartphone-based survey tool, we trained city health officers to mapped 17,383 housing units in the town. A housing unit may comprise of two or more households. The findings show that 5% practice open defecation, while 82% of the housing units have some forms of sanitation. Despite the extensive coverage, only 31% of the faecal sludge generated is safely contained, while 64% is not. This study demonstrates the possibility of using simple survey tools to collect reliable data for monitoring progress towards safely managed sanitation in the towns of global south.

Subject Areas

small towns; mapping; urban sanitation; access; SDG; Tanzania

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