Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Design and Implementation of a Quadruped Amphibious Robot Using Duck Feet

Version 1 : Received: 31 July 2019 / Approved: 2 August 2019 / Online: 2 August 2019 (09:20:14 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Kashem, S.B.A.; Jawed, S.; Ahmed, J.; Qidwai, U. Design and Implementation of a Quadruped Amphibious Robot Using Duck Feet. Robotics 2019, 8, 77. Kashem, S.B.A.; Jawed, S.; Ahmed, J.; Qidwai, U. Design and Implementation of a Quadruped Amphibious Robot Using Duck Feet. Robotics 2019, 8, 77.

Journal reference: Robotics 2019, 8, 77
DOI: 10.3390/robotics8030077

Abstract

Roaming complexity in terrains and unexpected environments poses significant difficulties in robotic exploration of an area. In a broader sense, robots have to face two common tasks during exploration namely walking on the drylands and swimming through the water. This research aims to design and develop an amphibious robot, which incorporates webbed duck feet design to walk on different terrains, swim in water and tackle obstructions on its way. The designed robot is compact and easy-to-use and also has the abilities to work autonomously. Such a mechanism is implemented by designing a novel robotic webbed foot consisting of two hinged plates. Due to the design, the webbed feet are able to open and close with the help of water pressure. The Klann linkage has been used to convert rotational motion to walking and swimming as an animal’s gait. Because of its amphibian nature, the designed robot can be used for exploring the tight caves, closed spaces and moving on uneven challenging terrains such as sand, mud or water. The presented model and design of the amphibious robot has been inspired by the working principle of duck feet. The propulsion generated through this feet system has been observed to be better and more controlled then the initial design and prototype of designed duck feet robot reported in [1]. The direction of movement can be managed, and the speed can be controlled using a larger contact area with water. Since duck is able to roam on both land and water, their feet movement during walking and swimming is adopted in designing the robot’s four legs. Klann linkage is used to mimic such duck feet motion and the control mechanism of the feet is driven by DC motors and DC servo motors which are governed by an Arduino microcontroller. The robot is capable of sensing the presence of water through conductive sensors and detects obstacles using ultrasonic sensor while walking. Due to its amphibian nature and other features in movement, the robot is capable of traversing diversified terrains. It is envisaged that the proposed design will be appreciated in the industry to design amphibious robots in near future.

Subject Areas

amphibious robot; duck feet; quadruped; Klann linkage; webbed feet

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