Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Groundwater Quality Assessment for Drinking and Agricultural Purposes in Tabriz Aquifer, Iran

Version 1 : Received: 28 July 2019 / Approved: 30 July 2019 / Online: 30 July 2019 (11:35:19 CEST)
Version 2 : Received: 8 September 2019 / Approved: 9 September 2019 / Online: 9 September 2019 (08:42:20 CEST)

How to cite: Asadi, E.; Isazadeh, M.; Samadianfard, S.; Ramli, M.F.; Mosavi, A.; Shamshirband, S.; Chau, K. Groundwater Quality Assessment for Drinking and Agricultural Purposes in Tabriz Aquifer, Iran. Preprints 2019, 2019070339 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201907.0339.v1). Asadi, E.; Isazadeh, M.; Samadianfard, S.; Ramli, M.F.; Mosavi, A.; Shamshirband, S.; Chau, K. Groundwater Quality Assessment for Drinking and Agricultural Purposes in Tabriz Aquifer, Iran. Preprints 2019, 2019070339 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201907.0339.v1).

Abstract

The key goal of the current study was to determine suitable areas of water pumping for drinking and agricultural harvest in Tabriz aquifer, locateed in East Azerbaijan province, northwest Iran. In the study area, groundwater is the key foundation of water for drinking and farming requirements. Groundwater compatibility study was conducted by analysing Electrical conductivity (EC), Total dissolved solids (TDS), Chloride (Cl), Calcium (Ca), Magnesium (Mg), Sodium (Na), Potassium (K), Sulfate (SO4), Total hardness (TH), Bicarbonate (HCO3), pH, carbonate (CO3) and Sodium Adsorption Ratio (SAR) obtained from 39 wells in the period of 2003 to 2014. For this purpose, the Water Quality Index (WQI) and irrigation water quality (IWQ) index is respectively utilized. The WQI index zoning exposed that the groundwater of the study area for drinking purposes is categorized as excellent, good and poor water. Most drinking water harvested for urban and rural areas are in the class of "excellent water". IWQ index average for the study area was in the range of 25.9 to 34.55. The results revealed that about 37 percent (296 km2) of groundwater has high compatibility, and 63 percent of the study area (495 km2) has average compatibility for agricultural purposes. The trend of IWQ and WQI indexes demonstrates that the groundwater is getting worse over the time.

Subject Areas

water quality index (WQI); groundwater quality; modeling irrigation water quality; Tabriz aquifer; water resource management

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