Preprint Review Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Male Sterility and Somatic Hybridization in Plant Breeding

Version 1 : Received: 26 July 2019 / Approved: 29 July 2019 / Online: 29 July 2019 (05:21:51 CEST)

How to cite: Garcia, L.; Edera, A.; Marfil, C.; Sanchez-Puerta, M. Male Sterility and Somatic Hybridization in Plant Breeding. Preprints 2019, 2019070330 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201907.0330.v1). Garcia, L.; Edera, A.; Marfil, C.; Sanchez-Puerta, M. Male Sterility and Somatic Hybridization in Plant Breeding. Preprints 2019, 2019070330 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201907.0330.v1).

Abstract

Plant male sterility refers to the failure in the production of fertile pollen. It occurs spontaneously in natural populations and may be caused by genes encoded in the nuclear (genic male sterility; GMS) or mitochondrial (cytoplasmic male sterility; CMS) genomes. This feature has great agronomic value for the production of hybrid seeds and has been widely used in crops, such as corn, rice, wheat, citrus, and several species of the family Solanaceae. Mitochondrial genes determining CMS have been uncovered in a wide range of plant species. The modes of action of CMS have been classified in terms of the effect they produce in the cell, which ultimately leads to a failure in the production of pollen. Male fertility can be restored by nuclear-encoded genes, termed restorer-of-fertility (Rf) factors. CMS from wild plants has been transferred to species of agronomic interest through somatic hybridization. Somatic hybrids have also been produced to generate CMS de novo upon recombination of the mitochondrial genomes of two parental plants or by separating the CMS cytoplasm from the nuclear Rf alleles

Subject Areas

incompatibility; male sterility; mitochondria; somatic hybrid; recombination

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