Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Optical Energy Variability Induced by Speckle: The Cases of MERLIN and CHARM-F IPDA Lidar

Version 1 : Received: 24 July 2019 / Approved: 26 July 2019 / Online: 26 July 2019 (00:47:56 CEST)

How to cite: Casse, V.; Gibert, F.; Edouart, D.; Chomette, O.; Crevoisier, C. Optical Energy Variability Induced by Speckle: The Cases of MERLIN and CHARM-F IPDA Lidar. Preprints 2019, 2019070294 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201907.0294.v1). Casse, V.; Gibert, F.; Edouart, D.; Chomette, O.; Crevoisier, C. Optical Energy Variability Induced by Speckle: The Cases of MERLIN and CHARM-F IPDA Lidar. Preprints 2019, 2019070294 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201907.0294.v1).

Abstract

In the context of the French-German space lidar mission MERLIN dedicated to the determination of the atmospheric methane content, an end-to-end mission simulator is being developed. In order to check whether the instrument design meets the performance requirements, simulations have to count all the sources of noise on the measurements like the optical energy variability induced by speckle. Speckle is due to interference as the lidar beam are quasi monochromatic. Speckle contribution to the error budget has to be estimated but also simulated. In this paper, the speckle theory is revisited and applied to MERLIN double pulsed IPDA lidar and also to the DLR demonstrator CHARM-F. Results show: on the signal path, speckle noise depends mainly on the size of the illuminating area on ground; on the solar flux, speckle is fully negligible both because the pixel size and the optical filter spectral width; on energy monitoring path a decorrelation mechanism is needed to reduce speckle noise on averaged data. Speckle noises for MERLIN and CHARM-F can be simulated by Gaussian noises with only one random draw by shot separately for energy monitoring and signal paths.

Subject Areas

speckle; coherence; interference; differential absorption lidar; radiometry; space mission

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