Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Reducing the Burden of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Cote D’Ivoire through fortification

Version 1 : Received: 22 July 2019 / Approved: 23 July 2019 / Online: 23 July 2019 (10:25:26 CEST)

How to cite: Prieto Patron, A.; Sabatier, M.; Hutton, Z.; Fattore, G.; Detzel, P. Reducing the Burden of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Cote D’Ivoire through fortification. Preprints 2019, 2019070254 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201907.0254.v1). Prieto Patron, A.; Sabatier, M.; Hutton, Z.; Fattore, G.; Detzel, P. Reducing the Burden of Iron Deficiency Anemia in Cote D’Ivoire through fortification. Preprints 2019, 2019070254 (doi: 10.20944/preprints201907.0254.v1).

Abstract

Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) is highly prevalent in the Cote d’Ivoire, and has severe health and economic consequences. In this paper, we apply a health economic model to quantify the burden of IDA, and the contribution of nation-wide mandatory iron fortification of wheat flour and voluntary iron fortification of condiments to the reduction of this burden. The analysis for the population from six months to 64 years builds on published reviews and publicly available datasets, and is stratified by age-groups and socio-economic strata. Without the impact of these fortification strategies, the annual burden of IDA is estimated at 242,100 disability adjusted life years (DALYs) and 978.1 million USD. Wheat flour and condiment fortification contributed to a reduction of the IDA burden by approximately 5% each. In places with high prevalence of malaria and environmental factors, such as the Côte D’Ivoire, policy makers should combine nutritional intervention with infectious disease prevention and environmental factors. The findings of this study provide additional input for policy makers about the magnitude of the impact and can support the conception of future fortification strategies.

Subject Areas

economic evaluation, micronutrient fortification, iron deficiency anemia, Cote d’Ivoire, model, impact, DALYs

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