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Determination of the Runoff Coefficient (C) in Catchments Based on Analysis of Precipitation and Flow Events
: Received: 16 July 2019 / Approved: 18 July 2019 / Online: 18 July 2019 (09:11:22 CEST)
A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.
Journal reference: International Soil and Water Conservation Research 2022, 10, 208-216
The runoff coefficient (C) represents the relationship between the surface runoff volume and the precipitated volume. It is used in engineering projects for flood estimation methods. Although C values are tabulated and consecrated in hydrological engineering, as if they were constant, they may not correspond to the reality, because in the same catchment, they can vary according to the intensity, temporal and spatial distribution of precipitation events, humidity conditions, and ground cover. This study had the objective of analyzing extreme events of precipitation and the corresponding flows to obtain experimental runoff coefficients (C) and compare them with the tabulated values. The study was conducted in four experimental catchments in the State of São Paulo, Brazil, with different land uses and soils. The runoff coefficients (C) were obtained from the analysis of hydrograms and using a digital filter, which allowed the separation of the direct runoff, of the total flow. When analyzing flow and precipitation data in different seasons of the year, selecting events of the floods of catchments and separating the flows, we observed a variation of the flow coefficient values, different from those obtained from tables.
digital filter; watershed; hydrology
EARTH SCIENCES, Environmental Sciences
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