Preprint Article Version 1 This version is not peer-reviewed

Global proteome of LonP1+/- mouse embryonal fibroblasts reveals impact on respiratory chain, but no interdependence between Eral1 and mitoribosomes

Version 1 : Received: 9 July 2019 / Approved: 10 July 2019 / Online: 10 July 2019 (10:18:22 CEST)

A peer-reviewed article of this Preprint also exists.

Key, J.; Kohli, A.; Bárcena, C.; López-Otín, C.; Heidler, J.; Wittig, I.; Auburger, G. Global Proteome of LonP1+/− Mouse Embryonal Fibroblasts Reveals Impact on Respiratory Chain, but No Interdependence between Eral1 and Mitoribosomes. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 4523. Key, J.; Kohli, A.; Bárcena, C.; López-Otín, C.; Heidler, J.; Wittig, I.; Auburger, G. Global Proteome of LonP1+/− Mouse Embryonal Fibroblasts Reveals Impact on Respiratory Chain, but No Interdependence between Eral1 and Mitoribosomes. Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 4523.

Journal reference: Int. J. Mol. Sci. 2019, 20, 4523
DOI: 10.3390/ijms20184523

Abstract

Research on healthy ageing shows that lifespan reductions are often caused by mitochondrial dysfunction. Thus, it is very interesting that the deletion of mitochondrial matrix peptidase LonP1 was observed to abolish embryogenesis, while deletion of the mitochondrial matrix peptidase ClpP prolonged survival. To unveil the targets of each enzyme, we documented the global proteome of LonP1+/- mouse embryonal fibroblasts (MEF), for comparison with ClpP-/- depletion. Proteomic profiles of LonP1+/- MEF generated by label-free mass spectrometry were further processed with the STRING webserver Heidelberg for protein interactions. ClpP was previously reported to degrade Eral1 as a chaperone involved in mitoribosome assembly, so ClpP deficiency triggers accumulation of mitoribosomal subunits and inefficient translation. LonP1+/- MEF also showed Eral1 accumulation, but no systematic effect on mitoribosomal subunits. In contrast to ClpP-/- profiles, several components of the respiratory complex I membrane arm were accumulated, whereas the upregulation of numerous innate immune defense components was similar. Overall, LonP1 as opposed to ClpP appears to have no effect on translational machinery, instead it shows enhanced respiratory dysfunction; this agrees with reports on the human CODAS syndrome caused by LonP1 mutations.

Subject Areas

longevity; life expectancy; CODAS syndrome; Perrault syndrome; protease target substrates; respiratory complex assembly; oxidative stress; glutathione pathway; lysosomal degradation; fidelity protein synthesis

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